New MRBM and/or IRBM systems are in development in China, North Korea, Iran, India, and Pakistan. These are strategic systems, and most will be armed with nonconventional warheads. (Both India and Pakistan tested nuclear weapons in 1998.) Russia no longer produces or retains any MRBM or IRBM systems, since they are banned by the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which entered into force in 1988.

MRBM and IRBM Comparison

Note: Links to external sites will open in new browser windows and are not endorsed by The Cold War Museum.

The Cold War Museum

P.O. Box 861526

(7142 Lineweaver Road)

Vint Hill, VA 20187

(540) 341-2008